Utilitarianism b ethics of care c ethics of virtue d ethical formalism ans: d 5 ref: p 25 a deontological ethical system a teleological ethical system a formal ethical system a theological ethical system ans: b 6 this is an example of: a deontology b egoism c cultural relativism d absolutism ans: c 9 obj: lo 4. Ethics: virtue ethics and deontological reasoning were also in evidence granitz first, cultural relativism (employed by granitz and loewly, 2007 and utilitarianism, deontology, ethics of care, rights theory, and the theory of justice ethical egoism teleological or consequentiality theories measure morality based on the. We conclude this paper with an exposition of the integrity approach that integrates consequentialist, deontological, and virtue ethics of distributive justice bentham‟s response is that utilitarianism also places demands on how pleasure is distributed in society the aim remains the greatest pleasure for the greatest. Consequentialist theories, unlike virtue and deontological theories, hold that only the consequences, or outcomes, of actions matter morally according to this view rawls constructs justice as fairness in a rather narrow framework and explicitly states, “justice as fairness is not a complete contact theory”2 its purpose is to.
1 the nature of ethics 5 utilitarianism 6 deontological theories 7 virtue ethics: plato and aristotle 8 david hume and communitarian theories 9 religion and morality 10 egoism 11 existentialism and nietzsche's genealogy of morals 12 justice 13 rights ii metaethics, moral deliberation 2 ethical relativism. Theories of ethics-1 ethical relativism subjective ethical relativism conventional ethical relativism ethical objectivism ethical egoism theories of ethics-2 utilitarianism kantian ethics virtue ethics feminist ethics ethical relativism action relativism moral principles relativism subjectivism: right or wrong is only. 四）規範倫理學的理論： １・目的論(teleological theories) （１）利己主義(ethical egoism) （２）效益主義(utilitarianism) ２・義務論(deontological theories) （１）直覺 主義(intuitionism) （２）康德倫理學(kantian ethics) ３・德行倫理學(virtue ethics) 一 、前言 （五）後設倫理學的議題： １・道德的本質 （１）道德相對論(moral relativism.
Deontology vs teleology ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves questions about morality and the perception of good and evil, of right and wrong, of justice, virtue, and vice an example of which is utilitarianism which is also referred to as the greatest happiness principle. The difference however is that the utilitarian will try to find the best choice to benefit everyone, while the egoist will of course try to get as much benefit as possible for himself deontology is from the greek word for ethics, and refers to a focus not on the self like teleology but on others, and others intentions.
The ideas of four theorists constituted the ethical framework of the course: jeremy bentham (hedon- ism and utilitarianism), immanuel kant (duty, altruism, and the judeo-christian ethics), ayn rand (objectivism, rational egoism, and laissez- faire capitalism), and john rawls (social justice, anti- utilitarianism, and the welfare. An example of ethical thinking (socrates) the nature of ethics or moral philosophy the nature of morality factors in morality kinds of normative judgment as a standard teleological theories deontological theories ethical egoism psychological egoism act-deontological theories rule- deontological theories.
The following is an excerpt from article de197-1 from the christian research institute the full pdf can be viewed by clicking here ethics theories- utilitarianism vs deontological ethics there are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and. Details title criminal justice: ethics description ethical dilemmas and decisions in criminal justice total cards 48 subject criminology ethical formalism, utilitarianism, ethics of religion, natural law, ethics of virtue, ethics of care, egoism, deontological, teleological ethical relativism. As originally proposed, the unified ethical theory combines teleology, deontology, virtue ethics, also known as character theories, and intuitionism teleology is the class of ethical theories that deems an act moral or immoral on the basis of its consequences utilitarianism, the theory that the good is that. Deontological and teleological ethical theory 1660 words | 7 pages of the act deontological ethics = non - consequentialist ethics morality of an act is based in the act itself types of teleological ethics 1 utilitarianism – utilitarian moral theory is classical utilitarianism, 2 varieties of ancient greek virtue ethics – aristotle.
3 selfishness 4 respect 5 rights 6 utilitarianism 7 justice 8 virtue many people believe that ethical behaviour is shaped by moral principles laid down in (ethics) metaethics normative ethics relativism (postmodern ethics) teleological theories (consequentialism) deontological theories (duties) act utilitarianism. An example is stoicism, which, among other aspects, holds the virtues of wisdom, justice, fortitude and temperance virtue ethics emphasize the character of the person making the actions so in short: consequentialism: what will the outcome of my actions be deontology: are my actions compatible with some imperative.
Define the terms 'philosophy', 'ethics', and 'morality' • outline the rationale for studying ethics, particularly in relation to environmental and development concerns • explain the difference between deontological and teleological ethics • define and briefly explain some of the key terms relating to ethical monism, relativism and. Although some enlightenment philosophers (eg hume) continued to emphasise the virtues, with the ascendancy of utilitarianism and deontology, virtue theory moved to the margins of western philosophy the contemporary revival of virtue theory is frequently traced to the philosopher g e m anscombe's 1958 essay. Comparing virtue ethics vs explore the consequentialist theories of ethical egoism and utilitarianism and test your understanding with a brief quiz the various possible ways to define 'greatest good' all should be taken into account with utilitarianism but in the end, that's what you're after: a moral action that benefits the. Metaphysical issues: objectivism and relativism psychological issues in metaethics egoism and altruism emotion and reason male and female morality normative ethics virtue theories duty theories consequentialist theories types of utilitarianism ethical egoism and social contract theory applied ethics.